Correct. Under the Constitution of Coahuila y Tejas, executive power was vested in a governor and vice-governor, elected to four-year terms by popular vote.
Texas Constitution of 1836
Texas Constitution of 1845
Roots of the Texas Constitution
From 1827 to 1876, seven constitutions were drafted and ratified in Texas. Each one attempted to correct the perceived deficiencies of the previous political order and address the challenges of its times. But each successive constitution also retained elements of its predecessors, building a cumulative constitutional tradition. This activity explores the historical origins of the current Texas Constitution.
Instructions:Read each question and select the best answer.The Next button will appear when a question is answered correctly.
Constitution of Coahuila y Tejas, 1827
Question 1 of 20
Texas Constitution of 1861
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Which Texas Constitution was the FIRST to establish a governor elected by popular vote?
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Texas Constitution of 1845
Question 2 of 20
Which Texas Constitution gave the governor the power of the line item veto?
Correct. The Texas Constitution of 1866 gave the governor power of the line item veto, a power that even the President of the United States does not possess.
Texas Constitution of 1866
Texas Constitution of 1876
Which Texas Constitution was the FIRST to feature a separation of powers and a system of checks and balances?
Correct. The Texas Constitution of 1836 included separation of powers into three branches—legislative, executive, and judicial—with a system of checks and balances.
Question 3 of 20
Correct. Although the length of legislative terms changed over the years, the Texas Constitution of 1845 used the same terms of office used today, with Representatives serving two-year terms and Senators serving four-year terms.
Question 4 of 20
Which Texas Constitution was the FIRST to establish two-year terms for members of the Texas House of Representatives and four-year terms for members of the Texas Senate?
The United States
When the Texas Constitution of 1861 was adopted, Texas was part of:
Question 5 of 20
Correct. The Texas Constitution was revised in 1861 when Texas seceded from the Union just before the start of the Civil War. Since Texas was a member of the Confederacy, greater protection was given to slavery and the emancipation of slaves was prohibited.
Correct. The framers of the Texas Constitution of 1876, seeking to restrict the powers of state government, limited legislative sessions to 140 days every other year.
Texas Constitution of 1869
Question 6 of 20
Which version of the Texas Constitution limited legislative sessions to 140 days every other year?
Under which version of the Texas Constitution were all judges appointed?
Correct. Under the Texas Constitution of 1869, all judicial offices in the state were appointed by the governor.
Question 7 of 20
Which version of the Texas Constitution created a unicameral legislature?
Correct. The legislature created by the Constitution of Coahuila y Tejas in 1827 was unicameral, a single house composed of twelve deputies, including two elected from Texas by popular vote.
Question 8 of 20
Question 9 of 20
The state’s bicameral legislature, consisting of a House of Representatives and a Senate, was created under which version of the Texas Constitution?
Correct. The Texas Constitution of 1836 first established the bicameral legislature.
The basic process of amending the Texas Constitution used today was established in which version of the constitution?
Correct. The Texas Constitution of 1845 specified that amendments required proposal by a two-thirds vote of both houses of the legislature and ratification by a majority of Texas voters.
Question 10 of 20
Question 11 of 20
Correct. The Texas Constitution of 1836 contained a bill of rights patterned after the U.S. Constitution, including religious freedom, free speech, protection against unreasonable search and seizure, and the right to bear arms.
Which was the FIRST Texas Constitution to contain a bill of rights?
When Texas’ first Constitution was adopted in 1827, Texas was part of:
Question 12 of 20
Correct. Texas was a part of Mexico when the Constitution of Coahuila y Tejas was adopted in 1827. It provided for a unicameral legislature, a governor and vice-governor, and made Catholicism the state religion.
Correct. To limit the power of the judicial branch, the framers of the Texas Constitution of 1876 created a dual-court system, one for criminal trials and the other for civil cases.
Texas Constitution of 1836
Question 13 of 20
Which version of the Texas Constitution separated the judiciary into a dual-court system that is used in Texas today?
Question 14 of 20
White, southern agricultural elites.
Advocates of industry and big business.
Correct. About half of the authors of the Texas Constitution of 1876 were members of the Grange, an organization formed in the late nineteenth century to promote the interests of white southern farmers. The Grange had two basic goals: to restrict the size and scope of state government and to control the excesses of big business.
The Texas Constitution of 1876 was written by individuals who could be best described as:
Question 15 of 20
Correct. Under the Texas Constitution of 1845, legislative pay was set at three dollars for each day of attendance.
Which version of the Texas Constitution FIRST established a salary for state legislators?
Correct. To limit the power of the judiciary, the Texas Constitution of 1876 required that all judges (except for some municipal courts) be elected by popular vote.
Question 16 of 20
The current method of electing most judges in Texas was established in which version of the Texas Constitution?
Which version of the Texas Constitution FIRST granted veto powers to the governor, with a provision for legislative override?
Question 17 of 20
Correct. Under the Texas Constitution of 1845, the governor could veto legislation, which could be overridden by a two-thirds vote from both houses.
Question 18 of 20
Correct. The Texas Constitution of 1836 created a four-tiered court system, consisting of justice, county, district, and supreme courts.
A multi-tiered court system was FIRST established in which version of the Texas Constitution?
Which version of the Texas Constitution created the plural executive to limit the governor’s power?
Correct. The Texas Constitution of 1876 created the plural executive which divided power among several elected officials, including the lieutenant governor, an attorney general, a comptroller, a treasurer, and a land commissioner.
Question 19 of 20
Question 20 of 20
Today, Texas is governed under what version of its constitution?
Correct. Although amended over 450 times, the Texas Constitution of 1876 remains the current charter for the state.
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